Private Automatic Branch Exchange - PABX

Explanation of PABX

Private Automatic Branch Telephone Exchange system PABX provides Telephone switching in an office or hospital. A PCM based PABX provides all the facilities like a public Telephone Exchange (LOCAL EXCHANGE). In large organizations it is normally used her different persons for the Telephone facilities, this is done by installing an PABX in the building the Block Diagram of PCM based PABX is shown in above Fig. Which consist of following main parts.

PABX Private Automatic Branch Exchange
PABX Private Automatic Branch Exchange

Public Network Interface

This section connects the PABX with the local Telephone Exchange the No of lines connected with the local exchange and the No of extensions connected with each line depends upon the design of the PABX.

Control Message Interface

This section checks the status of the subscriber’s line and provides different tone.

Switching Matrix

The function of switching matrix is to interconnect any two lines along with any internal signaling wires b/w their controls the most common way of Connecting any two lines together is using switching matrix

Digital line Interface

The digital Telephone sets, fax machines & other data base equipment are connected to this section.

Analog interface

The analog Telephone lines are connected with this section. The digital to analog & analog to digital conversion is done with the help of codes. The No. of extensions point depends on the design of PABX.